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Alaska Wildflowers | White

Arctic daisy flowering in Denali National Park.

Arctic Daisy

Chrysanthemum arcticum

Common Names:

Arctic daisy
Northern chrysanthemum

Synonyms:

none

Subordinate taxa:

Chrysanthemum arcticum ssp. arcticum
Chrysanthemum arcticum ssp. polare

Genus: Chrysanthemum (daisy)
Family: Asteraceae/Compositae (Aster family
Order: Asterales
full classification

Duration

Perennial

Uses

No documented food or medicinal uses for Chrysanthemum arcticum although the Chrysanthemum genus contains many flowers with a wide range of food and medicinal uses. Sometimes used as an ornemental flower.

Identification

The arctic daisy (Chrysanthemum arcticum) is a 10-45 cm (4-18 in) tall perennial herb. It grows from a thick creeping rhizome. The plant usually only has a few erect stems or may be single-stemmed. Basal leaves are glabrous, dark green, with 3-7 blunt-toothed lobes. Leaves located distally on the stems are linear and smaller. The synflorescence may have 1-5 flowering heads with white ray florets and yellow disk florets. The ray florets are 1-2 cm in length and fairly broad (3.5 mm).

The basal leaf blades of Chrysanthemum arcticum ssp. arcticum are more fan-shaped to cuneate.

Chrysanthemum arcticum ssp. polare is typically single-flowered, shorter, and unbranched.

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USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database

Distribution and Habitat

The arctic daisy is native to Alaska, most of Canada, and parts of New York and Massachussetts. It is also native to parts of Siberia, China, and Japan.

Chrysanthemum arcticum lives in gravel, stony or sandy soil, and grassy patches in full sun.

Classification

RankScientific Name (Common Name)
KingdomPlantae (Plants)
SubkingdomTracheobionta (Vascular plants)
SuperdivisionSpermatophyta (Seed plants)
DivisionMagnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
ClassMagnoliopsida (Dicotyledons)
SubclassAsteridae
OrderAsterales
FamilyAsteraceae ⁄ Compositae (Aster family)
GenusChrysanthemum L. (daisy)
SpeciesChrysanthemum arcticum L. (arctic daisy)

References and Further Reading

Field Guide to Alaskan Wildflowers, Pratt, Verna E. pg 63

Chrysanthemum arcticum  L. Taxonomic Serial No.: 35792, ITIS Database

Chrysanthemum arcticum L. arctic daisy, USDA Database

6. Chrysanthemum arcticum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 889. 1753., Flora of China

Line Drawing
Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 518. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society.

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